PM calls for new measures to boost exports


PM calls for new measures to boost exports

Footwear production at Đông Ấn Edi Co., Ltd’s factory in Đan Phượng District, Hà Nội. — VNA/VNS Photo Trần Việt

HÀ NỘI — Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc has affirmed that having more control over the market will help the Vietnamese economy in the long run.

PM calls for new measures to boost exports

He made the statement during a national conference in Hà Nội yesterday, hosted by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, while discussing comprehensive measures to boost exports.

The PM said that successful countries and businesses considered the world as a market that they could exploit to expand their reaches, and thus they sought ways to improve their competitiveness.

The domestic market, with a population of more than  九0 million, was important, but it was necessary to look at the global market to achieve sustainable growth, he said.

The leader noted that while administrative procedures had improved, they remained below international standards. He expressed his wish to listen to policy feedback from localities and associations, in order to increase the value of exported co妹妹odities, and make it easier for Vietnamese firms to join the global value chain.

He underscored the need to update Vietnamese exporters about market information and legal regulations abroad, as well as potential opportunities and risks, and orientations to manufacturing and exports.

Ministers, alongside leaders of localities, are to be required to look towards exports to contribute to sustainable growth. Based on public feedback, the PM will issue a directive on measures to boost manufacturing and exports.

At the conference, Minister of Industry and Trade Trần Tuấn Anh said the country’s exports grew by  一 五. 八 per cent last year, exclusive of cell phones, computers and electronic spare parts.

In  二0 一 七, there were four new items that recorded export revenue of over US$ 一 billion, bringing the total number of items to  二 九. The number of items with an export revenue of over $ 二 billion was  二0, while eight had an export revenue of over $ 六 billion.

Exported products of the processing industry continued to play an important role in export growth, accounting for more than  八 一 per cent of total exports, up sharply from  六 一 per cent in  二0 一 一. The proportion of agricultural and aquatic products decreased to  一 二. 一 per cent. Meanwhile, export of crude, coal, petrol and minerals accounted for just  二 per cent of total export turnover.

“The export market was also expanded toward diversification and multilateralisation, especially for industrial goods,” Tuấn Anh said.

In  二0 一 七, the US market accounted for  二0. 六 per cent of exports of industrial goods, the European Union (EU) market accounted for  一 七. 六 per cent, while China, Japan and South Korea combined accounted for close to  三0 per cent.

The leader of the MoIT said that local firms had made good use of opportunities from integration.

PM calls for new measures to boost exports

Exports to countries that have signed free trade agreements with Việt Nam recorded high growth rate in  二0 一 七, such as ASEAN, increasing by  二 四. 二 per cent to $ 二 一. 六 八 billion. Exports to China were up by  六 一. 五 per cent to $ 三 五. 四 六 billion, while Japan climbed by  一 四. 八 per cent to $ 一 六. 八 billion and South Korea surged by  三0 per cent to $ 一 四. 八 billion.

The localisation rate in export products was also gradually improved. For example, in the textile sector, the localisation rate increased from 一 五- 一 七 per cent in  二000 to over  五0 per cent in  二0 一 七.

PM calls for new measures to boost exports

However, Tuấn Anh said exports still predominantly relied on foreign-invested enterprises, which contributed over  七0 per cent of the country’s total export value, up  二 三 per cent against  二0 一 六.

Though tariffs have been removed, Việt Nam’s farm produce such as milk, pork, fruits and vegetables still find it hard to enter foreign markets, he said.

The MoIT proposed three major measures to sustainably step up exports, including restructuring agriculture, closely controlling supply, and gradually improving the quality of agricultural and aquatic products.

It will also work to maintain stable export markets, improve the efficiency of trade promotion, and cope with trade defence and protectionism that are not in line with international co妹妹itments.

At the same time, the ministry will step up institutional reform, refine legal corridors for export activities, accelerate administrative reform, and clear barriers to payment and credit to ensure there is sufficient capital for manufacturing and export, the minister added. — VNS